April 13, 2024

With the rising integration of know-how in our school rooms, educators are confronted with pedagogical issues concerning its effectiveness in reworking schooling and creating optimum studying experiences.

Each educator leveraging know-how of their instruction has probably contemplated questions similar to: Is know-how at all times appropriate for each educational job? Does it improve pupil studying? How do distracting options accompanying this know-how affect studying?

The strengths and weaknesses of know-how in schooling have been broadly explored in quite a few research. Our strategy to know-how ought to rejoice its strengths and capitalize on the benefits it provides in schooling whereas diligently elevating consciousness of its drawbacks and minimizing their affect on studying.

One solution to obtain that is by familiarizing educators with analytical frameworks that may information them in assessing, choosing, and using know-how of their instruction. TPACK and the SAMR mannequin are two widespread frameworks on this context. Whereas I’ve already mentioned TPACK in a earlier put up, I’ll concentrate on the SAMR mannequin at the moment.

What’s the SAMR Mannequin?

Developed by Dr. Ruben Puentedura in 2006, SAMR (Substitution, Augmentation, Modification, and Redefinition) is a four-level conceptual framework designed to assist educators successfully use know-how of their instruction. 

SAMR provides a construction to help educators and educational designers in creating optimum studying experiences with cell gadgets in schooling (Rogers et al., 2014, p. 79).

The SAMR mannequin additionally encourages academics to progress from decrease to increased ranges of educating with know-how, which, based on Puentedura, results in enhanced educating and studying (Hamilton et al., 2016, p. 434). To higher perceive the SAMR idea, now we have created an illustrative visible primarily based on quite a lot of assets (see record on the backside of this put up).

The visible under is accessible without cost obtain from this link (no business makes use of please).
SAMR Model Visually Explained for Teachers

SAMR Mannequin Ranges

1. Substitution Stage

Utilizing digital know-how to switch analog know-how with none practical change.
Examples:

  • College students use a phrase editor to compose an editorial.
  • Utilizing digital flashcards as a substitute of bodily ones to check vocabulary or ideas.
  • Changing a bodily classroom calendar with a digital one to maintain monitor of assignments and occasions.

2. Augmentation

Digital know-how is employed functionally to enhance the educational job.
Examples:

  • College students use Google Docs’ options, similar to search performance, spell test, voice typing, and Discover, to jot down a paper.
  • Using on-line quizzes that present instant suggestions to college students, serving to them determine areas that want enchancment.
  • Using digital mind-mapping instruments to assist college students brainstorm and set up concepts for a bunch venture.


3. Modification

Digital know-how is used to considerably redesign a studying job. 

Examples

  • College students make use of a digital portfolio device to embed multimedia supplies (e.g., textual content, pictures, movies, diagrams, charts) to showcase their studying.
  • Creating a category weblog the place college students contribute posts, touch upon one another’s work, and collaborate on growing concepts.
  • Encouraging college students to supply digital tales or podcasts to reveal their understanding of a subject, incorporating multimedia parts like pictures, audio, and video.

4. Redefinition

Expertise is utilized in a transformative solution to create new studying duties that have been beforehand inconceivable.

Instance: 

  • College students use Skype Classroom to attach with a category from one other a part of the world or to carry dwell discussions with an knowledgeable or language instructor.
  • Partaking college students in a digital actuality (VR) simulation to discover historic websites or scientific phenomena, immersing them within the expertise and deepening their understanding.
  • Facilitating a worldwide collaborative venture, the place college students from completely different nations work collectively to resolve real-world issues, sharing views and growing cross-cultural understanding.

What’s the goal of the SAMR mannequin?

The SAMR mannequin serves a number of functions in schooling, which embrace:

1. Selling know-how integration

The SAMR mannequin encourages educators to thoughtfully incorporate know-how into their educating practices, fostering a seamless mix of conventional and digital studying experiences.

2. Enhancing educating and studying

By guiding academics by way of completely different ranges of know-how integration, the SAMR mannequin goals to boost each educating and studying. As educators progress from decrease ranges (Substitution and Augmentation) to increased ranges (Modification and Redefinition), they’ll create extra revolutionary and fascinating studying experiences for his or her college students.

3. Encouraging reflection

The SAMR mannequin prompts educators to mirror on their present educating practices and think about how know-how can be utilized to enhance pupil studying. This reflective course of promotes ongoing progress and improvement, as academics repeatedly refine their instruction to higher meet the wants of their college students.

4. Fostering collaboration

By offering a shared language and framework, the SAMR mannequin facilitates collaboration amongst educators. Lecturers can focus on their experiences and share greatest practices, resulting in collective enchancment in know-how integration and enhanced studying experiences for college kids.

5. Supporting skilled improvement

The SAMR mannequin can function a basis for skilled improvement, serving to educators determine areas the place they’ll develop their technological abilities and information. Partaking with the mannequin and sharing experiences with colleagues permits academics to study from one another and repeatedly enhance their know-how integration practices.

6. Differentiation and personalization

The SAMR mannequin acknowledges that not all college students study in the identical manner. By incorporating numerous technological instruments and techniques, academics can present a various vary of studying experiences that cater to completely different studying types and particular person wants.

7. Measuring the affect of know-how

The SAMR mannequin allows educators to evaluate the effectiveness of know-how integration of their instruction. By analyzing the affect of particular instruments and techniques, academics could make data-driven selections and refine their practices to optimize pupil studying outcomes.

In essence, the aim of the SAMR mannequin is to information educators in making purposeful selections about know-how integration, in the end resulting in enhanced educating and studying experiences. By offering a structured framework and selling reflection, collaboration, {and professional} progress, the SAMR mannequin empowers educators to rework the tutorial panorama by way of the considerate and efficient use of know-how.

How does the SAMR mannequin profit academics?

The SAMR mannequin advantages academics in a number of methods:


1. Guided Determination-Making

The SAMR mannequin provides a structured strategy to choosing and implementing know-how within the classroom. By inspecting every degree of the mannequin, academics can higher perceive the potential affect of a specific know-how on pupil studying and engagement. This helps academics to make extra knowledgeable selections about which instruments to make use of, and the right way to use them successfully.


2. Purposeful Integration

Fairly than merely adopting know-how for its novelty, the SAMR mannequin encourages academics to contemplate the particular studying goals they want to obtain with every device. This purposeful integration ensures that know-how is used as a way to boost the educational expertise, quite than as a distraction or an finish in itself.


3. Progressive Enchancment

As academics change into extra acquainted with the SAMR mannequin, they’ll try to maneuver from decrease ranges of know-how integration (Substitution and Augmentation) to increased ranges (Modification and Redefinition). This development helps to repeatedly enhance educating practices and create extra revolutionary and fascinating studying experiences.


4. Skilled Improvement

The SAMR mannequin can function a foundation for skilled improvement, serving to academics determine areas the place they’ll additional develop their technological abilities and information. By participating with the mannequin and sharing experiences with colleagues, academics can study from one another and collectively improve their know-how integration practices.


5. Reflective Educating

The SAMR mannequin encourages academics to mirror on their present educating practices and think about how know-how can be utilized to enhance pupil studying. This reflective course of promotes ongoing progress and improvement, as academics repeatedly refine their instruction to higher meet the wants of their college students.


6. Differentiation and Personalization

The SAMR mannequin helps academics in recognizing that not all college students study in the identical manner. By incorporating numerous technological instruments and techniques, academics can present a extra various vary of studying experiences, catering to completely different studying types and particular person wants.

Is the SAMR mannequin the one framework for know-how integration in schooling?

No, there are different frameworks, similar to TPACK (Technological Pedagogical Content material Data), which additionally supply steering for educators on the right way to successfully combine know-how of their instruction.

Backside line

the SAMR mannequin supplies a invaluable framework for educators to thoughtfully combine know-how into their educating practices. By understanding and making use of the completely different ranges of the mannequin, academics can improve their instruction and create extra participating and efficient studying experiences for his or her college students. 

As know-how continues to evolve, it’s essential for educators to remain knowledgeable and adapt their strategies accordingly, guaranteeing that know-how is used purposefully to help and enrich pupil studying. By embracing the SAMR mannequin, academics could make knowledgeable selections about know-how integration and actually rework the tutorial panorama.


Sources:

Hamilton, R., Rosenberg, M. & Akcaoglu, M. (2016).The Substitution augmentation modification redefinition(SAMR) mannequin: A important overview and ideas for its Use. Tech Developments, 60:433-441, DOI 10.1007/s11528-016-0091-y

Puentedura, R. (2006). Transformation, know-how, and schooling [Blog post]. Retrieved from http://hippasus.com/assets/tte/

Romrell, D., Kidder, L. C., & Wooden, E. (2014). The SAMR Mannequin as a Framework for Evaluating mLearning. Journal Of Asynchronous Studying Networks, 18(2), 79-93.